Archive for December 20th, 2010

posted by admin on Dec 20

Measles have been one of the most frequent of the childhood diseases. The condition is quite infectious, and is accompanied usually by a rash, with fever, cough, and inflamed eyes. Measles are caused by a specific virus which spreads easily from one person to another.
From ten to fourteen days after a child has been in contact with another who has had measles, symptoms like those of a severe cold develop. The child becomes drowsy and irritable. The eyes water and look red and the child avoids light. The appetite is poor. By the end of the third or fourth day the rash appears with individual spots that are at first pinhead size and pale red but then enlarge, become elevated and a darker red. The eruption is seen first usually on the face, scalp, and behind the ears, but then gradually covers the whole body. The fever increases as the rash breaks out. After the second or third day the rash begins to fade, the temperature falls and after seven days, usually, the patient is on the way to complete recovery.
During the first few months of life the child often has immunity from measles by antibodies derived from its mother. As the immunity wears off the child becomes susceptible, and most cases occur in children three or four years old. The child may be injected with globulin which provides immunity against measles. In 1962 a vaccine useful to prevent measles was developed by Dr. John Enders based on isolation of the measles virus.
Since the development of antibiotic drugs secondary complications of measles are more easily controlled. During the acute illness the child is kept at rest, given plenty of fluids, such as citrus drinks, a soft diet and good nursing. For itching of the skin a calamine lotion is used. The eyes are protected against irritation. For more severe cases convalescent serum or gamma globulin may be used. Measles are not a serious disease except for very small babies. Prevention and control of pneumonia at the earliest sign is most important.

posted by admin on Dec 20

The basic concept is that there are three stages in stress breakdown, each stage with its characteristic symptoms.
The symptom of the first stage – anxiety.
The two extra symptoms of stage two are loss of emotional control, and loss of self-motivation.
The three major symptoms of stage three are intolerance of sensory stimulation, inability to tolerate things previously tolerated and apparent change in priorities and attitudes.
You may find that you suffer from some of these symptoms some of the time, or perhaps all of them some of the time or some of them all of the time. People vary quite a lot in how often they slip in and out of these stages I have described when they are experiencing stress breakdown.
What to do about your stress breakdown symptoms? The quick answer is always rest, relief of stress and a lot more sleep. There are other things to consider, such as eating properly and avoiding alcohol and stimulants.
Let us look at what practical steps we might take when experiencing significant stress, to prevent stress breakdown. We will look first at the situation where a person is beginning to experience anxiety symptoms while under stress.

Symptom check-list
Firstly, we must make sure that what you’re suffering from is in fact anxiety. Let’s check the symptoms out. Do you experience any of these symptoms?
1.      A vague but urgent feeling of unease or dread, as though you are expecting something to go wrong, but you don’t know what it is.
2.      A feeling of being ‘wound up’, ‘up-tight’, ‘tense’ and of feeling jumpy, more easily startled, for example if the telephone rings unexpectedly.
3.     Are you having a little bit of difficulty unwinding get off to sleep easily at night?
4.     Do you suffer from three or more of the following symptoms?
Palpitations or rapid pulse rate.
Lower backache.
Feelings of heaviness in the chest.
Sharp chest pains, coming from sore spots on the chest wall.
Discomfort in the upper part of the abdomen.
Increased frequency of passing urine.
Tremor or shakes of the hands.
Sweaty palms of the hands.
Stiffness of back and shoulder muscles.
Over-breathing and feelings of panic from time to time.
If you answered ‘yes’ to the first three questions, and ‘yes’ to three or more of the symptoms in question four, then you have most probably been suffering from symptoms of anxiety, which is the alarm signal that lets you know that your nervous system is having difficulty coping with the tasks it has been set.
However, you could possibly be suffering instead from some medical illness, the symptoms of which resemble anxiety, such as those of low blood calcium, or some medical disorder which causes increased release of adrenaline and therefore produces some of the body symptoms of anxiety itself.