Archive for the ‘Skin Care’ Category

posted by admin on Apr 29

Myths about acne may prevent people from seeking appropriate treatment. The most common myths about acne include:- Acne is due to diet. Recent studies have shown that acne is not related to diet, although some people experience an outbreak after eating chocolate. These people form a minority. The majority of people do not benefit from any dietary restriction.- Acne clears up in the early twenties. This rarely occurs and there is no logical reason why it should.- Acne will disappear as soon as you get married. There is no truth in the hypothesis that marriage (does this mean sex?) has any beneficial influence on acne.- Acne will disappear once women have children. This is not always true, although in some women acne does disappear during pregnancy due to hormonal changes, but may flare up after pregnancy.- Vitamin tablets will help acne. Although there was a vogue for vitamin therapy in the treatment of acne, recent scientific trials have shown that vitamins and zinc tablets are of no real benefit. On the contrary, vitamins which contain kelp may promote acne.- Steaming the face will open the pores and get rid of acne. There is no evidence that steaming the face will unblock pores or help clear up pimples. In fact, severe burns have resulted from doing so.- Acne masks and special cleansers will improve acne. Some acne masks contain drying agents, which may reduce the oiliness of the skin but do not remove pimples. Often they lead to considerable irritation. Neither are anti-bacterial soaps of any particular benefit. They remove the bacteria on the surface of the skin, which are not the organisms producing the acne. Anti-bacterial soaps are often too drying and irritating, making the skin more inflamed. It is best to use a mild soap or a fat-free cleanser such as Cetaphil lotion.- Sunlight and sunbathing will improve acne. This is probably the most dangerous myth. Although some people’s acne improves in sunlight, others find it gets far worse. People who have suffered with severe acne as teenagers and spent many hours in the sun are now developing multiple skin cancers. This is not a recommended preventative measure, and certainly skin cancer is not a reasonable substitute for acne.- The use of drying preparations on the skin will cause ageing and wrinkles. This is certainly not the case, as ageing and wrinkles are not related to dryness or lack of oil. Wrinkles and ageing are in fact due to sun damage which causes degeneration of deep skin fibres (collagen and elastin).- Drinking plenty of water will help clear acne. This is not beneficial and only encourages frequent visits to the lavatory.It is not easy to dispel these myths. Magazines and pseudo-medical experts with vested interests promote many of these tales to the poor teenager’s detriment.

posted by admin on May 8

In the past, when there was no effective treatment, the patients were segregated in leprosaria so as to protect those who were not infected. However, no such justification for segregation exists today: for one thing, only about one-fifth of all leprosy sufferers are ever infectious, even prior to treatment; furthermore, those that are infectious can be rendered noninfectious within three weeks of appropriate treatment. Unnecessary segregation lends support to the groundless fears of the general public regarding the infectiousness of leprosy. It also causes many would-be patients to hide their disease, encouraging the spread of other infectious diseases which they may suffer from, such as tuberculosis. Furthermore it reduces the opportunities for medical students, nurses and doctors to learn about the disease.

The most commonly used and effective drug which destroys the germ within about three weeks, is the antibiotic Rifampicin. It is the same antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis, which is a germ very similar to the one causing Hansens disease. Subsequent treatment is with the much cheaper years with Dapsone. Those with the Iepromatous form are treated for life. Equally as important as the drug programme, is the rehabilitation of those with deformities. This involves particular skills of plastic and orthopaedic surgeons, as well as those of occupational therapists and physiotherapists. Specialized footwear has been developed for patients, and considerable research is still proceeding. In fact one of the more exciting research projects in this field involves the possibility of a specific vaccine that would be effective against the disease.

Because of its subtle and very gradual onset, Hansens disease will not be eradicated by the sort of vigorous imaginative control programme which has been so effective for smallpox. It will, however, be eradicated slowly as modern treatment becomes freely available to cooperating patients. Major steps towards this will be the medical exorcism of the word ‘leper’, and the acceptance of patients with Hansens disease into our clinics, our surgeries and our hospitals as unrestricted patients and fellow human beings.